Shadow Plays: Virtual Realities in an Analog World

Chapter 6, Note 77

“Unlike Barthes’ punctum, which is localized as a specific aspect of the image that pierces the viewer, the stereographic image is all punctum.” Cheryl Spinner, “Enchanted Optics: Excavating the Magical Empiricism of Holmesian Stereoscopic Sight,” in Race and Vision in the Nineteenth-Century United States, ed. Shirley Samuels (Lanham, Boulder, New York, London: Lexington Books, 2019), 94.

This page is referenced by: